Each group is taught separately based on their ability. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Studies of pre-school socialisation show important differences between social classes that contribute to differences in educational achievement. Most significantly, as noted, there is a return to theories that focus on social structures which is an essential component of what sociology is actually about. Blog at WordPress. New York: Norton; Fundamental cause Fundamental cause theory has become popular in the U. These centres provide education, care, family support and health services. De Maio F.
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Many sociologists see material deprivation as the main cause of underachievement. Material deprivation refers to poverty and lack of material necessities-housing and income. Poverty is linked to educational underachievement. Overcrowding can have a direct effect making it hard for the child to study. Overcrowding means less room for educational activities, nowhere to do homework and disturbed sleep from sharing bedrooms. Especially for young children, development can be impaired through lack of space for play and exploration. There are also, indirect effects like welfare and health. Families in temporary houses suffer more from psychological distress, infections and accidents causing them to be absent from school. Diet and Health: Howard notes that young people from poorer homes have lower intakes of energy, vitamins and minerals. The poor nutrition affects health. Which may result to more school absences due to the illness and learning difficulties in class.