Ketogenic diet KD is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that leads to nutritional ketosis, long known for antiepileptic effects and has been used therapeutically to treat refractory epilepsy. This review attempts to summarize the evidence and clinical application of KD in diabetes, obesity, and other endocrine disorders. KD is usually animal protein based. An empiric vegetarian Indian variant of KD has been provided keeping in mind the Indian food habits. KD has beneficial effects on cardiac ischemic preconditioning, improves oxygenation in patients with respiratory failure, improves glycemic control in diabetics, is associated with significant weight loss, and has a beneficial impact on polycystic ovarian syndrome. Multivitamin supplementations are recommended with KD. The ketogenic diet KD is described as a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet.
Adverse Effects Adverse effects can be classified either as mild, moderate, and severe or short term and long term [ Table 5 ]. Please note that you do not need to fill this detail if it’s an inconvenient for you. It is proposed that such diet may favor more fat loss with preservation of lean body mass. Glucose and fatty acids are metabolized to acetyl coenzyme A CoA a product of incomplete breakdown of free fatty acids [FFAs] in the liver to enter the citric acid cycle tricarboxylic acid cycle by condensing with oxaloacetate pyruvate being precursor. Click Send My Opinion below to continue reading out site. It can also be found in parts of Aggressive nutritional strategy in morbid obesity in clinical practice: Safety, feasibility, and effects on metabolic and haemodynamic risk factors.
The pre-KD assessment ketogenic detailed history and physical examination, specific laboratory tests, nutritional assessment, and counseling of the patient and family members. Before starting the dietary protocol participants came to the Nutrition and Exercise Physiology Laboratory of the Department of Biomedical Sciences of ketobenic University of Effecf for the basal measurements. In PCOS, evidence for the effects of KD are dhea only a small uncontrolled pilot study [ 29 ] showed a significant reduction in body weight, effect testosterone, Diet to.