The Mediterranean diet is based on the traditional eating habits from the s of people from countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea, such as Greece, Italy, and Spain, and it encourages the consumption of fresh, seasonal, and local foods. The diet is generally characterised by a high intake of plant-based foods e. Wine is typically consumed in moderation and, normally, with a meal. Far from being a hype diet, the health benefits linked to the Mediterranean diet are supported by scientific evidence. The Mediterranean diet is associated with lower all-cause mortality and morbidity disease occurrence, and has been linked to numerous health benefits, including a lower risk of cancer, cognitive disease and cardiovascular disease as well as metabolic syndrome, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. A recent publication from the World Health Organization WHO identified the Mediterranean diet as an effective dietary strategy to prevent and control non-communicable diseases NCDs, which are currently the leading cause of premature death globally under 65 years of age. It is also considered one of the easiest dietary patterns to follow long-term due to its flexibility and the accessibility of the characteristic foods. A Mediterranean-like diet is associated with lower weight in children, but has become less common in the region.
The Mediterranean tradition offers a cousine rich in colors, aromas and memories, which support the taste and the spirit of those who live in harmony with nature. Everyone is talking about the Mediterranean diet, but few are those who do it properly, thus generating a lot of confusion in the reader. And so for some it coincides with the pizza, others identified it with the noodles with meat sauce, in a mixture of pseudo historical traditions and folklore that do not help to solve the question that is at the basis of any diet: combine and balance the food so as to satisfy the qualitative and quantitative needs of an individual and in a sense, preserves his health through the use of substances that help the body to perform normal vital functions. The purpose of our work is to demonstrate that the combination of taste and health is a goal that can be absolutely carried out by everybody, despite those who believe that only a generous caloric intake can guarantee the goodness of a dish and the satisfaction of the consumers. That should not be an absolute novelty, since the sound traditions of the Mediterranean cuisine we have used for some time in a wide variety of tasty gastronomic choices, from inviting colors and strong scents and absolutely in line with health. At its banks stretched the valley of the Nile, the site of an ancient and advanced civilization, and the two great basins of the Tigris and Euphrates, which were the environment of the civilization of the Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians and Persians. From that time, the Mediterranean became the meeting place of people who, with their contacts, have from time to time modified cultures, customs, languages, religions and ways of thinking about transforming and changing lifestyle with the progress of history. The clash of these two cultures produced their partial integration so even the eating habits merged in part 1.
Rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and olive oil, the diet is famed for being low in saturated fats and high in lean sources of protein like fish. Red wine, drunk in moderation, is even a bonus inclusion. If there are dietary and lifestyle differences between Mediterranean countries, which country does the diet specifically refer to? And where does the Mediterranean diet really come from? The Mediterranean diet is celebrated as one of the healthiest eating patterns you can adopt. Photo: Getty Images.